PERIOD

Byzantine

Archaeological site of Philippi

The exceptional strategic position of Philippi, at the crossing between Asia and Europe, the proximity to the famous gold and silver mines of Mount Paggaio, as well as the rich natural resources of the area, contributed to the development of the city, which was founded by King Philip II of Macedonia in the 4th century BC, into a flourishing urban center around a central market (Forum) in Roman times, following the standards of the great cities of the Empire.
The arrival of the Apostle Paul, who founded the first Christian church on European soil here in 49/50 AD, and the prevalence of the new religion, changed the character of the city of Philippi forever. Great buildings stand out from the early Christian city (4th-6th century AD),  such as the ‘Octagon’ complex with the metropolitan  church and the three magnificent basilicas.

Date of entry into UNESCO's List of World Heritage Sites
2016

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